Like the Resource-Based View, dynamic capabilities theory emerged in the field of strategy.
This theory is grounded in Neo-Austrian or Schumpeterian Economics which views competition as a process (Alchain, 1950; Schumpeter, 1950; Nelson & Winter 1982).
It is similar the RBV of the firm in that it views competitive advantage as the result of valuable capabilities (resources) that are a result of an enterprise’s history. In this theory, capabilities emerge over time as a result of learning from trial and error. They are a path dependent product of a firm’s history.
The arguments in this theory are as follows:
- Capabilities reside in the routines of an organization (Nelson & Winter, 1982)
- Routines capture the knowledge base of an organization.
- Routines have a substantial tacit dimension
- Organizations remember by doing.
- Capabilities are not static; they evolve over time as a result of trial and error as enterprises learn – they are dynamic (Teece et al, 1997).
- Alchain (1950)
- Schumpeter (1950)
- Nelson and Winter (1982)
- Nelson & Winter (2002)
- Chandler (1992)
- Teece et al (1997)